Dangers of synthetic marijuana

Print
Font Size:
Default font size
Larger font size

Posted: Tuesday, February 4, 2014 3:51 pm | Updated: 3:12 pm, Thu May 8, 2014.

DENVER, Co. (Ivanhoe Newswire) -- The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration has enacted an emergency ban on synthetic marijuana after thousands of teens have been hurt, even died after smoking it. Makers misled their customers into thinking fake pot is harmless compared to illegal drugs, but that’s not the case.

The effects are frightening.

“The patients were fighting, thrashing, and needing eight or nine big people to hold them down,” Christopher Colwell, MD, Chief of Emergency Medicine, Denver Health Medical Center, told Ivanhoe.

The patients are usually young.

In state after state, the warning is out. Synthetic marijuana is dangerous.

Known as Spice, synthetic marijuana is sold under a variety of names like Black Mamba, K2, and Killer Clown. It is crushed herbs or plant materials that looks like marijuana, but is treated with chemicals—some that can cause serious health effects.

“The age ranges that we’ve seen go from 13 to 55. So, as young as thirteen, which is concerning to us. We are hoping that parents and teachers get involved and talk to their teenagers about the dangers of synthetic marijuana,” Tista Ghosh, Director, Division of Disease Control and Environmental Epidemiology, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, told Ivanhoe.

As quickly as one of these chemical substances becomes illegal, the makers simply replace it with a different dangerous substance. It’s legal in some states, illegal in others. The risky behavior is everywhere.

Synthetic marijuana attributed to more than 11,000 emergency room visits in 2010. The substance has been linked to psychosis, kidney, brain damage, and in a few cases, has been associated with heart attacks.


BACKGROUND:  Synthetic marijuana, or synthetic cannabinoids, is marketed as a “legal high.” They are designed to affect the body in a similar manner to marijuana, but aren’t derived from the marijuana plant.  Synthetic marijuana contains chemicals called cannabimimetics and can cause dangerous health effects.  Like many other illegal drugs, synthetic marijuana is not tested for safety, and users don’t really know what chemicals they are putting into their bodies.  They can be extremely dangerous and addictive.  Because they can be purchased with no age restrictions, synthetic marijuana is very popular with young people.  The harmful effects from these products were first reported in the U.S. in 2009.  In 2010, an estimated 11,406 emergency department visits involved a synthetic cannabinoid product, 75 percent of these visits involved patients aged 12 to 29. In July 2012, a comprehensive national ban was enacted. (Source: http://www.samhsa.gov/data/2k12/DAWN105/SR105-synthetic-marijuana.pdf and http://www.aapcc.org/alerts/synthetic-marijuana/)

SIDE EFFECTS:  Health effects from synthetic marijuana can be life-threatening and can include:

  • Suicidal and other harmful thoughts and/or actions.
  • Intense hallucinations and psychotic episodes.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Fast, racing heartbeat and higher blood pressure.
  • Severe agitation and anxiety.
  • Muscle spasms, seizures, and tremors.  (Source: http://www.aapcc.org/alerts/synthetic-marijuana/)

AN EMERGING THREAT:  According to the 2012 Monitoring the Future survey of youth drug-use trends, one in nine 12th graders in America reported using synthetic cannabinoids in the past year.  This rate, unchanged from 2011, puts synthetic cannabinoids as the second most frequently used illegal drug among high school seniors after marijuana.  Poison center experts, along with local, state, and federal governments, have called synthetic drug use a risk to the public’s health and a hazard to public safety.  There is an increasingly expanding array of synthetic drugs available.  Fifty-one new synthetic cannabinoids were identified in 2012, compared to just two in 2009.  Also, 76 other synthetic compounds were identified in 2012. They are often sold at small retail outlets and are available via the Internet. The chemical compounds of the drugs are frequently altered in an attempt to avoid government issued bans.  At least 43 states have taken action to control one or more synthetic cannabinoids.   (Source: http://www.whitehouse.gov/ondcp/ondcp-fact-sheets/synthetic-drugs-k2-spice-bath-salts)

Rules of Conduct

  • 1 Keep it Clean. Please avoid obscene, vulgar, lewd, racist or sexually-oriented language.
  • 2 Don't Threaten or Abuse. Threats of harming another person will not be tolerated. AND PLEASE TURN OFF CAPS LOCK.
  • 3 Be Truthful. Don't knowingly lie about anyone or anything.
  • 4 Be Nice. No racism, sexism or any sort of -ism that is degrading to another person.
  • 5 Be Proactive. Use the 'Report' link on each comment to let us know of abusive posts.
  • 6 Share with Us. We'd love to hear eyewitness accounts, the history behind an article.

Welcome to the discussion.

4 comments:

  • JimmyB posted at 10:39 am on Tue, Mar 4, 2014.

    JimmyB Posts: 1

    I used to think it was harmless. I mean, they sold it in stores. Boy was I naive... After 3 years and losing everything I love, I realized how horrible the stuff really is.

    I posted my story here: http://spiceaddictionsupport.org/how-i-became-addicted-and-finally-quit-smoking-herbal-incense/ Check it out

     
  • Keenedge posted at 12:48 pm on Thu, Feb 6, 2014.

    Keenedge Posts: 1

    I don't think anyone understands synthetic "marijuana". They are certainly no longer synthetic cannabinoids.
    There are so many different kinds now. Most don't even work and cost out the a$$.
    Maybe when it has to go underground we can go back to the JWH's that actually work and didn't make people sick.
    Do people realize when they drive this underground it's not going to go away. Even tho marijuana is on the fast track to legalization it will be decades more before people in "safety sensitive" positions will be tested on whether they are actually high or smoked a joint last month.

     
  • cobycool posted at 8:41 pm on Tue, Feb 4, 2014.

    cobycool Posts: 1

    does anyone happen to know how long this poison stays in your system.

     
  • Brion Eduardo posted at 6:01 pm on Tue, Feb 4, 2014.

    Brion Eduardo Posts: 1

    The synthetic cannabinoids are dangerous in the sense they that are untested on humans, and should be assumed to be hazardous to the body, particularly the liver and other vital organs. It's just not worth the risk, especially considering that natural cannabis is proven to be relatively safe and is widely available, legal or not. What I don't like to see, though, is the hyper-propaganda spread in this article. The idea that 9 big guys are needed to "restrain" somebody under the influence of it is pure hogwash. These compounds are cannabinoids, not stimulants or hallucinogens, and the acute effects are similar to exceptionally potent cannabis rather than meth, PCP, or bath salts. The odd thing is that while American media are undertaking a hysterical Reefer Madness-inspired media blitz, researchers in England are studying one of the compounds, JWH-133, for treatment of osteoarthritis pain. Please, stop the hysteria, and issue real warnings based on real science, and avoid the temptation to sensationalize that which we don't fully understand.

    source for JWH-133 info:
    http://www.news-medical.net/news/20140107/Synthetic-cannabinoid-molecule-created-for-osteoarthritis.aspx

     

Featured Health Care Providers Sponsored directory

CARDIOLOGY - CROUCH

F. Michael Crouch, M.D.

View Profile >

PROSTATE CANCER

Michael J. Dattoli, MD

View Profile >

SPORTS MEDICINE

John T. Moor, MD

View Profile >

GERIATRICS

Dr. Sarah Kagan, PhD, RN, FAAN

View Profile >

PRIMARY CARE

Jack E. Baron, MD

View Profile >

INTERVENTIONAL RADIOLOGIST

Gerald Grubbs, MD

View Profile >

SUBMIT PHOTOS & VIDEOS | VIEW ALL PHOTOS & VIDEOS

Send your photos & videos to Pix@MySuncoast.com and you could be featured on ABC 7 & our website.